Ohio Landlord Tenant Rights

Ohio landlords and tenants can make renting easier with our below guide on Ohio Landlord Tenant Rights.

Landlord Responsibilities

Every landlord has certain responsibilities to their tenants. In Ohio, these include maintaining and addressing issues with:

  • Dwelling structures
  • Electricity and wiring
  • Plumbing and sanitation
  • Heating and air conditioning
  • Garbage removal services (only for multi-family units)
  • Water
  • Bed bugs

They are also required to disclose information on lead-based paint if the home was built before 1978.

Landlords are prohibited from engaging in discriminatory or retaliatory conduct.

Tenant Responsibilities

Likewise, tenants have responsibilities to landlords. In Ohio, these responsibilities include:

  • Paying rent in a timely manner
  • Keeping the unit in a “safe and sanitary” condition
  • Trash removal
  • Keep plumbing fixtures clean
  • Proper use of plumbing and electrical fixtures
  • Compliance with all state and local laws and codes
  • Maintain appliances that are provided by the landlord
  • Perform minor maintenance
  • Not damaging any part of the property
  • Not disturbing neighbors
  • Not unreasonably withhold consent for landlord to enter to do maintenance or make repairs

Security Deposit

Ohio law doesn’t set a maximum limit for a security deposit. The deposit can be used for payment of past rent or payment for damages caused by violating the lease agreement or statutory requirements in the Ohio Landlord Tenant Act.

The security deposit must be returned within 30 days of the tenant moving out. An itemized list of charges and deductions should accompany the returned deposit. If an itemized list is not included, the tenant can sue for the money withheld plus damages and attorney fees.

Rent and Fees

Rent is due at the time stated on the lease. The landlord does not have to give notice of a rent increase and may charge as much as they would like for rent.

The landlord has the right to charge limited late fees if specified in the lease.

In certain circumstances where the landlord has failed to provide essential services, the tenant can pay their rent in escrow until the services are provided.

Evictions

Ohio landlords can evict their tenants on the following grounds:

  • Nonpayment of rent
  • Violation of lease terms
  • No lease or the lease has ended
  • Material health and safety violation
  • Illegal acts

Tenants can legally terminate a lease early if:

  • The lease has an early termination clause
  • The unit is uninhabitable
  • Landlord harassment
  • The tenant is on active military duty

The landlord is prohibited from changing the locks as a way to evict the tenant.

Lease Termination Notice

If the lease is for a fixed term, no notice is required. If the lease is month-to-month, the landlord must give the tenant a 30-day lease termination notice. If the lease runs week-to-week, a 7-day notice is required.

A 3-day notice is required for termination because of nonpayment of rent or for a lease violation. If the tenant has failed to satisfy the statutory requirements for health and safety, they should receive a 30-day notice. However, only a 3-day notice is required for illegal drug activity.

Relevant State Agencies

Ohio Department of Housing and Urban Development

City-Specific Links

Cincinnati:

Cincinnati Landlord Tenant Code

Water

Electric

Gas

Columbus:

Water

Electric

Gas

Akron:

Water

Electric

Gas

Official Rules and Regulations 

Ohio Landlord Tenant Act