Minnesota Landlord Tenant Rights

Renting a home can be stressful, whether you are the lessor or the lessee. Take the stress out of rentals with our below guide on Minnesota landlord tenant rights.

Landlord Responsibilities

The landlord has certain responsibilities to the tenant. These include:

  • Providing a habitable dwelling
  • Making requested repairs within 14 days
  • Providing water and plumbing
  • Providing functional HVAC equipment
  • Reasonable notice of entry

The landlord is prohibited from evicting tenants due to issues arising from the habitability of the dwelling. Also, a landlord cannot require a tenant to waive their rights to file a lawsuit for violations of housing and safety regulations.

Tenant Responsibilities

The tenant also has responsibilities to the landlord. These include:

  • Keeping the unit in a safe and habitable condition
  • Making minor repairs and maintenance
  • Removal of garbage and general cleanliness of dwelling
  • Not disturbing other tenants or neighbors

Security Deposit

Minnesota law does not have a limit on the allowed amount a landlord may request for a security deposit.

The security deposit must be returned within 21 days after the tenants move out of the rental unit. A landlord is responsible for paying up to twice the original security deposit and $500 in damages if they wrongfully withhold a tenant’s security deposit. However, the security deposit can be withheld for the following reasons:

  • Unpaid rent
  • Unpaid charges
  • Damage caused by the tenant beyond ordinary wear and tear

Landlord’s must provide the tenant a detailed written statement with the reasons for withholding a tenant’s security deposit.

Rent and Fees

Minnesota landlords can increase the rent for any amount without providing the tenant a justification. However, the landlord must provide a 1 month and 1 day notice to the tenant.

There are no limitations on fees for returned checks. Landlords can also charge the applicant screening fees as long as the rental unit is available and another applicant is not in the screening process for the same unit. Landlords can charge late fees up to 8% of the total value of the rental payment. There is no required grace period for a landlord to charge for late fees.

If a landlord does not make requested repairs within 14 days of a tenant’s request, a tenant may file a rent escrow action to ask the court for permission to use their own funds to make the repairs and deduct the cost from a rent escrow account.

Evictions

Evictions can occur in Minnesota under the following circumstances:

  • Nonpayment of rent
  • Lease violation
  • No lease or end of lease – a notice to quit is required to be provided by the landlord prior to eviction
  • Illegal Acts (i.e. drug manufacture or prostitution)

A landlord cannot evict a tenant in retaliation or based on discriminatory reasons.

Tenants can end a lease early for the following listed reasons:

  • Early termination clause
  • Active military duty
  • Domestic violence
  • Landlord harassment

If a Minnesota tenant breaks the lease early, they may be required to pay the outstanding amount due on the lease agreement.

Lease Termination Notice

If the lease is Week-to-Week, the landlord must give a 7-day termination notice. If the lease is Month-to-Month, the tenant must receive a 1-3 month notice.

If the lease is being terminated for nonpayment of rent, breach of lease, performing an illegal activity on the premises or holding over after the lease has ended, a tenant must be served with a summons at least 7 days before the court date.

Relevant State Agencies

Minnesota Housing

City-Specific Links

Minneapolis:

Minneapolis Public Housing Authority

Water

Electric

Gas

St. Paul:

St. Paul Public Housing Agency

Water

Electricity

Gas

Rochester:

Olmstead County Housing and Redevelopment Authority

Water

Electric

Gas

Official Rules and Regulations

Minnesota Landlord and Tenant Statutes

Landlords and Tenants: Rights and Responsibilities

Minnesota Judicial Branch: Landlord and Tenant Issues